Schematic Arrangement of Diesel Power Plant
i.Fuel supply system.
It consists of storage tank, strainers, fuel transfer pump and all day fuel tank. The fuel oil is supplied at the plant site by rail or road. The oil is stored in the storage tank. From the storage tank, oil is pumped to smaller all day tank at daily or short intervals. From this tank, fuel oil is passed through strainers to remove suspended impurities. The clean oil is injected into the engine by fuel injection pump.
ii.Air intake system.
This system supplies necessary air to the engine for fuel combustion. It consists of pipes for the supply of fresh air to the engine manifold. Filters are provided to remove dust particles from air which may act as abrasive in the engine cylinder.
This system leads the engine exhaust gas outside the building and discharge it into atmosphere. A silencer is usually incorporated in the system to reduce the noise level.
iv. Cooling system.
The heat released by the burning of fuel in the engine cylinder is partially converted into work. The remainder part of the heat passes through the cylinder wall, piston, rings etc. and may cause damage to system. In order to keep the temperature of the engine parts within the safe operating limits, cooling is provided. The cooling system consists of a water source, pump and cooling towers. The pump circulated water through cylinder and head jacket. The water takes away heat form the engine and itself becomes hot. The hot water is cooled by cooling towers and recirculated for cooling.
The system minimises the wear of rubbing surfaces of the engine.It comprises of lubricating oil tank,pump,filter and oil cooler.The lubricatiion oil is drawn from the lubricating oil tank by the pump and is passed through filter to remove impurities .The clean lubrication oil is delivered to the points which require lubrication.The oil coolers incorporated in the system keep the temperature of the oil low.
vi.Engine Starting System.
This is an arrangement to rotate the engine initially,while starting,until firing starts and the unit runs with its own power.Small sets are started manually by handles but for larger units,compressed air is used for starting.In the latter case,air at high pressure is admitted to a few of the cylinders,making them to act as reciprocating air motors to turn over the engine shaft.The fuel is admitted to the remaining cylinders which makes the engine to start under its own power.